你誠實嗎?
文章來源:未知 文章作者:enread 發布時間:2021-02-24 08:19 字體: [ ]  進入論壇
(單詞翻譯:雙擊或拖選)
你誠實嗎?你撒過慌、騙過人嗎?在生活、工作中,誠實一定是上策嗎?
 
Let's be honest – I'm sure we've all done something a little dishonest in our lives – maybe copying someone's work, borrowing some money from a friend and not paying them back or being given too much change in a shop and keeping quiet about it. Or maybe I'm wrong, maybe you're a good, upstanding citizen who believes that honesty is the best policy.
 
This proverb, 'honesty is the best policy', was written back in the 1700s by American statesman, Benjamin Franklin. We may agree that owning up to our mistakes and behaving in a genuine and decent way, is the right way to lead our lives but is there something in our human nature that makes us unscrupulous? For example, in some shops and car parks you can find an honesty box – a box where you pay for something by putting money in it – but it relies on you putting the right amount of cash in. This relies on people being honest and not trying to cheat but it does provide a temptation to get away with not paying the full amount.
 
Philip Graves, a psychologist, and author of the book Consumerology, suggests that this temptation is part of our evolution. He says: "We have evolved with the capacity to be dishonest. It's part of our evolutionary1 psychological make up – because if we can gain an advantage over the people around us, we have a greater chance of surviving."
 
So why do we place such importance on being honest if we benefit from being dishonest? It's because it is selfish behaviour – which other members of our social group won't like. If everybody acted selfishly and dishonestly all the time, the world would be a very unpleasant place. As Philip Graves says: "There is a balance to strike between the extent to which we can feather our own nest, so to speak, and the risk of being ostracised by the group." So, for societies to work together we need to trust each other and therefore we need to be honest.
 
Being trustworthy with money is of course crucial for an economy to survive and there are laws to protect us from dishonest practices like corruption2 and fraud. But being honest with words is another matter; saying what we think to someone can get us into hot water. However a new anonymous3 messaging app has been designed that lets anyone with a link to your profile to send you a message without knowing who it's from. The app now has 300 million users which perhaps indicates how honest we really like to be – but in all honesty, do you want to know what people think about you? Is honesty always the best policy?!


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1 evolutionary Ctqz7m     
adj.進化的;演化的,演變的;[生]進化論的
參考例句:
  • Life has its own evolutionary process.生命有其自身的進化過程。
  • These are fascinating questions to be resolved by the evolutionary studies of plants.這些十分吸引人的問題將在研究植物進化過程中得以解決。
2 corruption TzCxn     
n.腐敗,墮落,貪污
參考例句:
  • The people asked the government to hit out against corruption and theft.人民要求政府嚴懲貪污盜竊。
  • The old man reviled against corruption.那老人痛斥了貪污舞弊。
3 anonymous lM2yp     
adj.無名的;匿名的;無特色的
參考例句:
  • Sending anonymous letters is a cowardly act.寄匿名信是懦夫的行為。
  • The author wishes to remain anonymous.作者希望姓名不公開。
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