你體內可能沒有“瘦基因”
文章來源:未知 文章作者:enread 發布時間:2021-02-27 05:47 字體: [ ]  進入論壇
(單詞翻譯:雙擊或拖選)
This time of year many of us resolve to get back into shape. But if you are having trouble fitting into your tight jeans, it may not be your fault. Scientists now believe that willpower alone is not enough lose weight. They say success depends on your genes1, hormones2 and psychology3.
 
A study of 75 people by BBC Science and Oxford4 and Cambridge Universities has looked into why one-size-fits-all diets are often not successful. The scientists divided over-eaters into three groups – people who feast, people who constantly crave5 food and emotional eaters. They tailored diets to the needs of each group.
 
Feasters can't stop eating once they start. This is because they don't have the hormones that tell them when they are full. Scientists designed a diet for this group featuring high protein foods that make them feel full for a long time. This included fish, chicken, basmati rice and grains. Bread and potatoes were not allowed because they do not fill you up for long.
 
Constant cravers always feel hungry. Scientists say that certain genes disrupt the messages the stomach sends to the brain saying it is full, meaning the cravers always feel like they need more fatty, sugary food. Dieting seven days a week is very hard for these people, so scientists put them on a normal, healthy diet five days a week, and cut their calorie intake6 to 800 on two days a week.
 
Emotional eaters have got into the habit of eating whenever they feel stressed. To help them change this behaviour, scientists offered them group support in meetings and online as well as a diet. During the study, people from all three groups lost weight on the tailored diets, with feasters losing the most and constant cravers losing the least.
 
So what about you? If any of the eating habits sound familiar, perhaps you should consider a new approach to slimming for 2015.


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1 genes 01914f8eac35d7e14afa065217edd8c0     
n.基因( gene的名詞復數 )
參考例句:
  • You have good genes from your parents, so you should live a long time. 你從父母那兒獲得優良的基因,所以能夠活得很長。 來自《簡明英漢詞典》
  • Differences will help to reveal the functions of the genes. 它們間的差異將會幫助我們揭開基因多種功能。 來自英漢非文學 - 生命科學 - 生物技術的世紀
2 hormones hormones     
n. 荷爾蒙,激素 名詞hormone的復數形式
參考例句:
  • This hormone interacts closely with other hormones in the body. 這種荷爾蒙與體內其他荷爾蒙緊密地相互作用。
  • The adrenals produce a large per cent of a man's sex hormones. 腎上腺分泌人體的大部分性激素。
3 psychology U0Wze     
n.心理,心理學,心理狀態
參考例句:
  • She has a background in child psychology.她受過兒童心理學的教育。
  • He studied philosophy and psychology at Cambridge.他在劍橋大學學習哲學和心理學。
4 Oxford Wmmz0a     
n.牛津(英國城市)
參考例句:
  • At present he has become a Professor of Chemistry at Oxford.他現在已是牛津大學的化學教授了。
  • This is where the road to Oxford joins the road to London.這是去牛津的路與去倫敦的路的匯合處。
5 crave fowzI     
vt.渴望得到,迫切需要,懇求,請求
參考例句:
  • Many young children crave attention.許多小孩子渴望得到關心。
  • You may be craving for some fresh air.你可能很想呼吸呼吸新鮮空氣。
6 intake 44cyQ     
n.吸入,納入;進氣口,入口
參考例句:
  • Reduce your salt intake.減少鹽的攝入量。
  • There was a horrified intake of breath from every child.所有的孩子都害怕地倒抽了一口涼氣。
TAG標簽: protein jeans stomach
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